If you find yourself in a situation where someone is having a heart attack and you have no medical training, we hope that you consider taking a first aid course for the future! But for now, here are some tips on how to handle the situation.
If you or someone else is experiencing a heart attack, do your best to remain calm because there are a number of steps that you can take to drastically reduce the chances of permanent damage to the heart.
The symptoms of a heart attack can vary from looking very pale and short of breath to pain in your chest, neck, jaw, shoulders, and back. Feelings of doom or even throwing up can be symptomatic of a heart attack. The first thing to do in this situation is to call 10111 so that professional medical care will be on its way as soon as possible.
Staying calm is more important than it sounds. Anxiety can have the physical effect of increasing the heart’s need for oxygen. Remove any tight clothing and sit or lie down in order to be as relaxed as possible and to remove any stress or pressure on your body.
Timing is a critical part of the heart attack being highly dangerous and something that can be successfully avoided. Do not wait to call for help. If you report the problem within an hour of your first symptoms, your chances of having a fatal heart attack decrease considerably and can be avoided with simple medications.
There are two medications that can be helpful for a heart attack. If there is aspirin available, give the person experiencing the heart attack one. Preferably a baby aspirin as they work faster. Nitroglycerin can also help with the chest pain associated with a heart attack.
If the person having the heart attack stops breathing or their heart stops beating, CPR will be needed. If you know CPR, begin chest compressions of 100 per minute and mouth to mouth after 30 compressions. If you do not know CPR, it will be beneficial to perform Hands-Only CPR. This means that applying pressure to the chest will help the injured person until help arrives.
Heart attacks and other medical emergencies are another reason why it is always helpful to complete a first aid course. You will feel more in control of a difficult situation and may just save a life. Contact us for any type of Health and Safety course that you may be interested in.